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CORDIS - Nowości
15.11.2001

Publikacje

1. R&D expenditure increases in EU, with some countries topping the USA and Japan

Nowy raport biura statystycznego Unii Europejskiej pokazuje, że w ostatnich latach w Unii Europejskiej wzrosły wydatki na rozwój i badania, tak że w niektórych państwach przekraczają one te które są w Stanach Zjednoczonych i Japonii.

Różne wiadomości

2. ESA technology tracking 'European' ozone hole

Naukowcy z Holandii współpracujący z Europejską Agencją Kosmiczną (ESA) śledzą mini dziurę ozonową, która otwiera się na Północnym Atlantykiem i kieruje się w stronę Europy.

3. De Donnea promotes scientific careers with Ishango prize

François-Xavier de Donnea, Prezydent Rady Badawczej Unii Europejskiej i Minister regionu stołecznego Brukseli, podkreślił ważność zachęcania młodych ludzi do podejmowania karier naukowych, 14 listopada w Brukseli podczas prezentacji pierwszej nagrody Ishango dla młodych naukowców.

Wydarzenia, warsztaty, konferencje

4. Commission conference to examine environmental governance

Zarząd Główny Komisji Europejskiej ds. Środowiska organizuje konferencję wysokiego szczebla na temat "Biała strona regulacji Komisji Europejskiej: co jest na niej dla środowiska ?" ,która odbędzie się 3 i 4 grudnia w Brukseli.

5. Network examine genetically modifying fish to manufacture new products

Pierwsze spotkanie europejskiej sieci biofabryk rybnych odbędzie się 16 listopada w Madrycie.

6. JRC to hold information day on science and policy-making

Wspólnotowe Centrum Badań Komisji Europejskiej organizuje dzień informacyjny na temat "Nauka i technologia we wsparciu polityki: w kierunku nowych partnerstw pomiędzy Wspólnotowym Centrum Badań oraz belgijskimi organizacjami badawczymi w ramach inicjatywy europejskiej dziedziny badań", który odbędzie się w Brukseli 6 grudnia.

7. RADICAL conference to examine role of creative arts in FP6

Coroczna konferencja RADICAL (Agendy badawcze stworzone w creative arts labs) odbędzie się 10 grudnia w Paryżu.

Konkursy i oferty Unii Europejskiej

8. Commission to announce call for proposals for SME innovation projects

Komisja Europejska wydała wcześniejsze zawiadomienie o konkursie na specjalny program badań, rozwoju technologicznego i demonstracji na temat "Promocja innowacji i zachęcania małych i średnich przedsiębiorstw do udziału" (1998 - 2002).

Publikacje


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1. R&D expenditure increases in EU, with some countries topping the USA and Japan

Record Control Number : 17619

Date : 2001-11-13

Category : Publication

General Information :

Research and development (R&D) expenditure has increased within the EU in the last couple of years, with spending in some countries overtaking that of the USA and Japan, a new report by Eurostat, the EU's statistical office shows.

Statistics show that R&D expenditure increased by 5.6 per cent in constant prices during 1999, and that it continued to rise in 2000, although at the slower rate of 2.3 per cent in Member States. R&D spending averaged 1.92 per cent in 1999 and 1.90 per cent of GDP (Gross domestic product) in 2000. Small changes are also evident in sectoral spending.

R&D spending in the USA and Japan still far exceeds that of the EU, with expenditure totalling 2.64 and 3.04 per cent of GDP respectively. Two Nordic countries do however spend more on R&D than the USA and Japan. Sweden devoted 3.8 per cent of GDP to R&D in 1999, and Finland 3.19 per cent.

Higher than average R&D spending is also evident in Germany, which spent 2.44 per cent of GDP on R&D in 1999, and France, which allocated 2.19 per cent in the same year. The lowest ratios for R&D expenditure have been registered in the EU's southern countries, with Greece allocating 0.51 per cent of GDP (1997 figures) , Portugal 0.76 per cent, Spain 0.89 per cent and Italy 1.04 per cent.

Between 1995 and 1999, the annual average growth of R&D expenditure has been particularly high in Finland, registering a 14 per cent increase at constant prices, and in Portugal, increasing its spending by 12 per cent. France and the UK witnessed the lowest increases in R&D expenditure over the same period, both recording a one per cent increase.

Changes are also evident in the sectors financing R&D. Private sector R&D funding has increased from 63 per cent of total R&D expenditure in 1995 to 66 per cent in 2000, whilst higher education spending remained steady at around 20 per cent and government spending decreased from 16 per cent in 1995 to 14 per cent in 2000.

Private sector expenditure continues to vary between Member States however, with private sector spending in 1999 accounting for 25 per cent in Portugal, 72 per cent in Belgium and 75 per cent in Sweden. Private sector spending accounted for 78 per cent of R&D expenditure in the USA and 74 per cent in Japan in 1999.

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Remarks :

Data Source Provider : Rapid
Document Reference : Based on DN: STAT/01/119
Subject Index Codes : Economic Aspects, Scientific Research
Contact Person : http://europa.eu.int/comm/eurostat

Różne wiadomości


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2. ESA technology tracking 'European' ozone hole

Record Control Number : 17622

Date : 2001-11-13

Category : Miscellaneous

General Information :

Scientists at the Netherlands KNMI working in cooperation with the European Space Agency (ESA) are tracking a mini ozone hole which is opening up over the North Atlantic ocean and heading for Europe.

KNMI predicts that the hole, which is due to sweep from Greenland to southern Scandinavia over the next few days, will see ozone levels fall by 60 to 70 per cent from the seasonal average. The researchers have been able to observe the mini hole using KNMI's 'GOME fast delivery service'. This was developed under the ESA Data User programme, which harnesses data from the GOME instrument aboard the European remote sensing satellite ERS-2 and allows scientists to track the movements and growth of the hole in almost real time.

Ozone helps to shield the Earth's surface from the Sun's harmful ultraviolet rays. Ankie Piters at KNMI said that although the mini ozone hole does not pose a significant threat, 'low ozone events over Europe are still of great interest. They seem to be caused mainly by unusual air currents in the atmosphere, not by chemical breakdown of ozone, which is what you see in the development of the Antarctic ozone hole.'

The GOME spectrometer works by scanning the atmosphere below the flight path of the ERS-2 satellite, gathering sunlight backscattered by the atmosphere and reflected by the Earth's surface and analysing its spectrum from ultra-violet to infra-red. Different chemical groups absorb specific wavelengths of light, so their presence shows up as absorption lines on the GOME spectra.

Europe is already preparing the next generation of satellite instruments to improve the monitoring of ozone and other key chemicals in the atmosphere. The SCIAMACHY instrument (scanning imaging absorption spectrometer for atmospheric cartography) on board ESA's environmental satellite Envisat will continue the work of the GOME series of measurements. ESA and EUMETSAT (the European organisation for the exploitation of meteorological satellites) are also preparing a series of three satellites (Metop) which will follow on from the work of the GOME instruments and providing at least ten years of ozone monitoring from space from 2003 onwards.

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Remarks :

Data Source Provider : ESA
Document Reference : Based on information provided by the ESA
Subject Index Codes : Aerospace Technology, Meteorology
Contact Person : For further information, please contact:

Claus Zehner
ESA/ESRIN
Tel: +39-06-94 180 544
Fax: +39-06-94 180 552
E-mail: claus.zehner@esa.int
http://www.esa.int


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3. De Donnea promotes scientific careers with Ishango prize

Record Control Number : 17631

Date : 2001-11-15

Category : Miscellaneous

General Information :

François-Xavier de Donnea, President of the EU Research Council and Minister President of the Brussels-Capital region, outlined the importance of encouraging young people to pursue careers in science at the presentation of the first Ishango prize for young scientists in Brussels on 14 November.

The prize, created at Mr de Donnea's initiative, is part of the Operation Ishango campaign launched by the Brussels-Capital region to increase awareness of science and encourage young people to take up scientific careers. The competition awards two prizes of 2,500 euro to young researchers or science students working in the region, one francophone and one Flemish.

Speaking at the award ceremony, Mr de Donnea said that 'scientific research and the developments it leads to are two key components of economic growth,' adding that 'the contribution of young people is vital in this context' as it breathes new life and motivation into the process. He said it is vital to encourage young people to take up careers in science as 'intellectual resources are Europe's key asset.'

The 2001 prizewinners were chosen from a total of 25 candidates. Dr Thomas Hamelryck won the Flemish Ishango prize for his work on 'The identification of potential functional sites in protein structures' at the institute of molecular biology of Vrije Universiteit Brussel (VUB) . Dr Hamelryck said that while communication between scientists and the public is important he doesn't see it as scientists' role. 'I do think it's important to have an interface with the public, although scientists are often not the best people to do this,' he said.

Dr Hamelryck does not feel that the public have a negative view of science, saying he believes that scientists' work is valued by society. 'I hardly ever encounter negative reactions,' he said. Dr Hamelryck, who spent a year doing research work in Denmark after graduating from VUB in Belgium, added that he thinks that researcher mobility is an important aspect of a scientific career and should be encouraged. He explained, however, that he thinks researcher mobility is more difficult within Europe than in the USA because of the bureaucratic procedures involved and language barriers.

The francophone prize was won by Dr Alain le Moine for his work on 'The role of eosinophiles in allografd rejections' at the Laboratoire d'immunologie expérimentale of the Université Libre de Bruxelles (ULB) . Dr le Moine said he was very happy have been awarded the first Ishango prize which he described as 'symbolic.' He said that the mixture of scientific disciplines in both the candidate projects and the members of the jury was a key aspect of the Ishango prize, as it meant the candidates' work had to be presented in a way comprehensible to those who are not experts. He added that the accessibility of scientific work to the public must be a 'first priority' to ensure that the huge financial and other investment in scientific research is appreciated and exploited to the full.

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Remarks :

Data Source Provider : CORDIS News attendance at Ishango prize ceremony
Document Reference : Based on CORDIS News attendance at Ishango prize ceremony
Programme Acronym : FRAMEWORK 6C, SCIENCE-SOCIETY C
Subject Index Codes : Scientific Research, Social Aspects, Medicine, Health, Biotechnology
Contact Person : For further information, please consult the following web addresses:


http://www.cordis.lu/belgium/home.html

http://www.vub.ac.be

http://www.ulb.ac.be

Wydarzenia, warsztaty, konferencje


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4. Commission conference to examine environmental governance

Record Control Number : 17615

Date : 2001-11-12

Category : Event

General Information :

The European Commission's Environment DG is organising a high level conference on 'The Commission's White Paper on governance: what's in it for the environment?' in Brussels on 3 and 4 December.

Environment Commissioner Margot Wallström will open the conference, which will examine issues such as transitional cooperation and the role of the regions, enlargement and the subsidiarity principle in environmental policy and sustainable development. Representatives from local and regional authorities will attend the event.

Text :

Remarks :

Data Source Provider : DG Environment
Document Reference : Based on information provided by DG Environment
Subject Index Codes : Environmental Protection, Legislation, Regulations, Social Aspects
Contact Person : For further information, please consult the following web address:

http://europa.eu.int/comm/environment/governance/conf_prog.pdf

or contact:

E-mail: pascal.lefevre@cec.eu.int


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5. Network examine genetically modifying fish to manufacture new products

Record Control Number : 17623

Date : 2001-11-13

Category : Event

General Information :

The first meeting of the European fish biofactory network will take place in Madrid, Spain on 16 November.

The partners involved are constructing a network of European laboratories interested in developing technology to genetically modify fish to manufacture pharmaceutical or industrial products.

As the required technologies are highly complex, work in this area involves the collaboration of as many laboratories as possible. The network is open to any research laboratory, public or private, that has interest in further developing ideas.

The main objectives of the network are to:

- develop community R&D (research and development) projects;

- promote a network of projects for the Sixth Framework programme (FP6)

- maintain a website as a platform for the exchange of ideas;

- present ideas to the rest of society;

- hold information meetings and workshops;

- create a forum to take account of R&D proposed by businesses.

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Remarks :

Data Source Provider : INIA
Document Reference : Based on an event announcement
Programme Acronym : FRAMEWORK 6C
Subject Index Codes : Resources of the Sea, Fisheries, Medicine, Health, Industrial
Manufacture, Scientific Research, Coordination, Cooperation
Contact Person : For further information on the network, please consult the
following web address:
http://www.inia.es/sitemapa/pags/redes/peces/indexredbiopez.htm

or contact:
Dr J Coll
E-mail: coll@inia.es


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6. JRC to hold information day on science and policy-making

Record Control Number : 17627

Date : 2001-11-14

Category : Event

General Information :

The European Commission's Joint Research Centre is to hold an information day on 'Science and technology in support of policies: towards new partnerships between the Joint Research Centre and Belgian research organisations in the framework of the European research area initiative' in Brussels on 6 December 2001.

The event, which is being organised in collaboration with the Federal Office for scientific, technical and current affairs, aims to respond to the specific interests of the Belgian scientific community and promote future cooperation. The event will be opened by Research Commissioner Philippe Busquin, JRC Director General Barry McSweeney, President of the Research Council and Minister President of the Brussels-Capital region François-Xavier de Donnea and Yvan Ylieff, government commissioner assigned to the Minister for scientific research.

Case studies of scientific support for policy making will be discussed at the event on the following topics:

- safety and quality of the food chain

- genetically modified organisms (GMOs)

- reference materials and methods in the context of the ERA

- technology foresight: key examples

- cybersecurity

- global change

- JRC and enlargement

- nuclear waste management

- nuclear safety

- opportunities for collaboration with the JRC

Text :

Remarks :

Data Source Provider : JRC
Document Reference : Based on information supplied by the JRC
Programme Acronym : FRAMEWORK 6C, ERA, MS-B C, FP6-JRC C
Subject Index Codes : Scientific Research, Coordination, Cooperation, Policies
Contact Person : For further information, please contact:

E-mail: margaretha.theelen@cec.eu.int


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7. RADICAL conference to examine role of creative arts in FP6

Record Control Number : 17639

Date : 2001-11-16

Category : Event

General Information :

The RADICAL (Research agendas developed in creative arts labs) annual conference will take place in Paris on 10 December 2001.

The event, which will be hosted by the Institut national de l'audiovisuel, aims to give an insight into European activities in the fields of digital expression, content creation and interactive publishing and their role in the next EU RTD Framework programme, FP6.

The RADICAL project is funded by the IST (information society technologies) programme of the EU's Fifth Framework programme (FP5) . Participants will include researchers, software developers, digital artists, content developers, creative micro-enterprises, publishers, broadcasters and business experts.

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Remarks :

Data Source Provider : RADICAL
Document Reference : Based on information provided by RADICAL
Programme Acronym : FRAMEWORK 5C, IST, FRAMEWORK 6C
Subject Index Codes : Social Aspects, Information, Media, Other Technology
Contact Person : For further information, please contact:

Kieran O'Hea
E-mail: kjohea@eircom.net

Konkursy i oferty Unii Europejskiej


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8. Commission to announce call for proposals for SME innovation projects

Record Control Number : 17640

Date : 2001-11-16

Category : Tender

General Information :

The European Commission has given advance notice of a call for proposals for the specific programme for research, technological development and demonstration on 'Promotion of innovation and encouragement of SME participation' (1998 to 2002) .

The Commission intends to publish in the Official Journal of the European Communities of 15 December 2001 a call for proposals for innovation projects.

Text :

Remarks :
Before contacting the Commission, tenderers are strongly advised to
consult the original call text, when available, in the Official
Journal of the European Communities at the reference below.

Data Source Provider : Official Journal of the European Communities
Document Reference : OJ No C 320 of 15-11-2001, p. 20
Programme Acronym : FRAMEWORK 5C, INNOVATION-SME
Subject Index Codes : Innovation, Technology Transfer


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Stronę przygotował Piotr Sadłowski