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CORDIS - Nowości
07.03.2002

Polityka Unii Europejskiej, wiadomości ogólne

1. To publish or patent? EU study addresses scientists' dilemma

Badanie opublikowane przez Komisję Europejską pokazało, że naukowcy chcieliby ochrony wyników naukowych kiedy są one po raz pierwszy publikowane, zanim zostaną opatentowane, podczas gdy przemysł jest przeciwny takiej inicjatywie a małe i średnie przedsiębiorstwa pozostają podzielone w tym sporze.

2. Commission launches consultations on improving medicine for children

Komisja Europejska udostępniła w internecie nowy dokument konsultacyjny, który ma na celu poprawę dostępu do lekarstw dla dzieci

3. Scientific results database now available online

Wspólnotowe Centrum Badawcze Komisji Europejskiej (JRC) udostępniło w internecie nowy naukowy serwis informacyjny (SIS) na temat zaawansowanych alternatywnych metod w naukach biomedycznych.

4. Commission initiative leads to pan-European platform for eGovernment

Komisja Europejska założyła infrastrukturę bezpiecznej komunikacji, która łączy intranety rządów narodowych Unii Europejskiej, instytucji i agencji. Struktura ta będzie działała jako platforma dla nowych europejskich usług eRząd.

5. Commission to simplify rules on liability for FP6

Uproszczone procedury zarządzania dla akcji badawczych Wspólnoty w Szóstym Programie Ramowym (FP6) mogłyby być wprowadzone przez Komisję Europejską w odpowiedzi na reakcje od naukowców i innych instytucji Unii Europejskiej.

Różne wiadomości

6. World Bank suggests EU candidate countries make use of new technologies to improve economic competitiveness

Bank Światowy wydał raport deklarujący potrzebę państw kandydujących do Unii Europejskiej do używania wiedzy i nowych technologii, jeśli mają one dorównać poziomowi konkurencyjności ekonomicznej obecnych członków Unii, kiedy zostaną do niej włączone.

Wydarzenia, warsztaty, konferencje

7. Technology transfer best practices to be analysed

Trzecia coroczna konferencja na temat "Najlepsze praktyki nauki i technologii", odbędzie się od 29 do 30 maja w Pradze.

8. Swedish conference to examine 'European higher education area for sustainability'

Uniwersytety z całej Europy będą dyskutować europejską dziedzinę badań oraz potencjał dla "Europejskiej dziedziny edukacji wyższej dla zrównoważenia" na konferencji na temat "włączenie zrównoważenia do edukacji wyższej w perspektywie europejskiej dziedziny badań", która odbędzie się od 12 do 14 czerwca w Gothenburgu, w Szwecji.

9. Scientists discuss the challenges of the future

Naukowcy z Europy, Ameryki Północnej i Południowej Afryki spotkają się w Londynie 13-go i 14-go maja na dwudniowym sympozjum na temat roli nauki w wyzwaniach przyszłości.

10. USE-it! to present ideas for promotion of academic entrepreneurship

Międzynarodowa konferencja USE-it!, która ma na celu zaprezentować nowe pomysły na promocję przedsiębiorczości akademickiej, odbędzie się od 24 do 26 kwietnia w Bonn, w Niemczech.

Konkursy i oferty Unii Europejskiej

11. Call for proposals for information society demonstration projects

Konkurs @LIS na implementację projektów demonstracyjnych w dziedzinie społeczeństwa informacyjnego został ogłoszony przez EuropeAid .

Polityka Unii Europejskiej, wiadomości ogólne


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1. To publish or patent? EU study addresses scientists' dilemma

Record Control Number : 18064

Date : 2002-03-01

Category : General policy

General Information :

A survey published by the European Commission has found that academia favours the protection of scientific results when they are first published, before a patent has been granted, whereas industry is against such an initiative and SMEs remain divided on the issue.

The survey was requested in accordance with the EC Directive on 'The legal protection of biotechnological inventions', which requires that the Commission produce a report assessing the implications for genetic engineering research of failure to publish, or late publication of papers on subjects which could be patentable. The research was carried out by the European Commission's Internal Market and Research DGs.

Research institutes, universities and small biotech companies sometimes wish to file patent applications, but at the same time want to disclose the results of their research to the scientific community and investors as quickly as possible. The conflict between protection and publication can lead to a delay in the publication of scientific results and thus slow down the dissemination of scientific knowledge and therefore progress. An efficient patent system however ensures the publication of results that might otherwise have remained confidential.

The survey found that publication delays do occur, but less frequently the more experienced the user of the patent system is. With experienced users, significant delays occur in less than 20 per cent of all cases (20 per cent for academic institutions and 8 per cent for industry) .

'It is quite clear that small and innovative companies as well as young researchers need European patent protection. This is particularly true for fast moving sectors such as biotechnology, where Europe has a real chance to become a world player and to create employment. The Commission has stated clearly in its strategic plan for life sciences that a level playing field is needed in patent protection for industrialised countries,' said EU Research Commissioner Philippe Busquin.

'This survey once again underlines the demand for cheap and easily accessible patent protection valid throughout the EU. It is therefore vital that our proposal for a Community patent is adopted urgently,' added Internal Marked Commissioner Frits Bolkestein.

The report recommends efforts to define and harmonise the concept of a 'grace period' across the EU, but warns that a new patenting system will only work at global level if it provides legal certainty, which is a major concern of the industrial users of the patent system.

The report also suggests that, in order to facilitate the use of the patent system by academics and SMEs (small and medium sized enterprises) , a provisional patent application system is introduced in all Member States, support and advice for academics and SMEs in the proper use of the patent system and the strategic use of intellectual property rights is provided and ultimately, a simple and cost-effective patent system is provided by the Community patent.

Responses from industry and public research organisations varied on how they thought publication delays could best be avoided. Industry of all sizes favoured the provisional patent application as the most effective measure and large industry was strictly against a grace period.

Academia favoured the grace period as the most important measure to minimise delays in scientific publication, with support and advice for patent filing ranking in second place. The research showed that almost half of the surveyed researchers from academia that have no previous experience with the patent system expect it to lead to considerable delays. The report writers therefore recommend the implementation of awareness actions and support activities to counteract these perceptions and to help researchers become more familiar with the patent system.

Text :

Remarks :

Data Source Provider : European Commission
Document Reference : Based on a report on the assessment of the implications for basic
genetic engineering research of failure to publish, or late
publication of papers on subjects which could be patentable.
Subject Index Codes : Economic Aspects, Biotechnology, Scientific Research
Contact Person : To see the full study, please consult the following web address:
http://europa.eu.int/comm/internal_market/en/indprop/com02-2en.pdf


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2. Commission launches consultations on improving medicine for children

Record Control Number : 18068

Date : 2002-03-01

Category : General policy

General Information :

A new consultation paper which aims to improve the availability of medicines suitable for children has been launched on the Internet by the European Commission.

Although children represent 20 per cent of the European Union's population, over half of the medicines used to treat children in the EU have never been specifically tested for them. The new consultation paper suggests guidelines for ways of remedying the shortage of child-specific medicines.

Erkki Liikanen, the European Commissioner for Enterprise and Information Society, said: 'To get the best and safest treatments for children across Europe, society must strike the right balance between incentives and regulatory obligations. We need to move forward on this important matter to ensure that both existing and new medicines are adapted to paediatric needs in the most resource-efficient manner for society as a whole.'

Health and Consumer Protection Commissioner David Byrne added: 'Our children deserve as much attention [...] as adults when pharmaceutical companies put medicine on the market. I encourage industry to support our initiative. Today is a first step to remedy the unsatisfactory situation on paediatric medicines as requested by the Health Council in December 2000.'

Pharmaceutical companies are often reluctant to invest in child-specific medicines as the market for them is relatively small. The consultation paper produced by the Commission suggests incentive measures such as longer periods of intellectual property (IP) protection to reward work on innovative measures and a new type of marketing procedure to award IP rights to new paediatric uses of older products.

Specific research funding is also suggested to tackle the challenge of obtaining information on older medicines, which pharmaceutical companies have little incentive to adapt to children's' needs.

The paper proposes the introduction of mandatory paediatric studies on new medicines, and the creation of an EU expert working party at the European Medicines Evaluation Agency (EMEA) to oversee the development, availability and follow-up of paediatric treatments. It also suggests the establishment of a pan-European network of clinical trial specialists to work on the development and adaptation of medicines for children.

The Commission sees encouraging pharmaceutical companies to study, test and adapt new and old medicines to children's' needs as crucial to the success of its proposals. This standpoint reflects discussions currently underway with the Commission's 'G10 Medicines Group,' a high level group on innovation and the provision of medicines set up to examine issues such as stimulating innovation and improving the EU science base, improving the working of the pharmaceuticals market and producing better information for patients. The group's recommendations will be set out in a report presented to the Commission President Romano Prodi in May this year.

Text :

Remarks :
Comments from interested parties are invited by 30 April 2002.

Data Source Provider : Commission Press Room
Document Reference : Based on information provided by the Commission Press Room
Subject Index Codes : Medicine, Health, Safety, Social Aspects, Evaluation, Policies
Contact Person : For further information, please consult the following web address:
http://pharmacos.eudra.org/F2


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3. Scientific results database now available online

Record Control Number : 18069

Date : 2002-03-01

Category : General policy

General Information :

A new scientific information service (SIS) on advanced alternative methods in biomedical sciences has been made available on the Internet by the European Commission's Joint Research Centre (JRC) .

Access to selected databases has been made available from the website (details below) on advanced alternative methods in biomedical sciences. The JRC claims that the new service aims to promote knowledge dissemination and it also wants to promote discussion through the use of an online questionnaire.

The major subjects that are covered include neurotoxicity of chemicals and formulations, non-animal testing for hepatoxicity, percutaneous absorption and metabolism-mediated toxicity.

The establishment of this type of service was outlined in the requirements of 1991 communication of the Commission to the Parliament and Council, SEC-91-1794.

Text :

Remarks :

Data Source Provider : Joint Research Centre
Document Reference : Based on information supplied by the JRC
Subject Index Codes : Scientific Research, Information, Media
Contact Person : For further information on the service, please consult the
following web address:
http://ecvam-sis.jrc.it


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4. Commission initiative leads to pan-European platform for eGovernment

Record Control Number : 18085

Date : 2002-03-06

Category : General policy

General Information :

A secure communications infrastructure which links the intranets of the EU's national governments, institutions and agencies has been established by the European Commission. The structure will act as a platform for new pan-European eGovernment services.

Financed and managed under the interchange of data between administrations (IDA) programme, the structure is centred on a central private backbone network, TESTA (trans-European service for telematics between administrations) . This provides for secure transmission of data from all intranets operated by national authorities. Some 13 of the 15 Member States have already signed up to this, as well as Iceland and Norway, and candidate countries are expected to join up sometime during 2002.

Data that was carried over the network during the implementation phase included information on communicable diseases, road accidents and trade licenses. The growth of the flow of data during this period was around 30 per cent higher each month. Groupware tools are also available over the system, which provides secure transfer of data through its own security measures.

The objective of the IDA programme is to help EU decision making, assist the Internal market and accelerate policy implementation.

Text :

Remarks :

Data Source Provider : European Commission
Document Reference : Based on information provided by the European Commission
Programme Acronym : ECONTENT
Subject Index Codes : Information Processing, Information Systems, Information, Media,
Coordination, Cooperation
Contact Person : For further information, please consult the following web address:
http://europa.eu.int/information-society/eeurope/index_en.htm


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5. Commission to simplify rules on liability for FP6

Record Control Number : 18089

Date : 2002-03-07

Category : General policy

General Information :

Simplified liability and management procedures for Community research actions in the Sixth Framework programme (FP6) could be introduced by the European Commission in response to feedback from researchers and the other EU institutions.

A speaking note issued by the Commission says that current procedures for the implementation of EC research actions under the Fifth Framework programme for research (FP5) , although thorough, have attracted criticism. It highlights the requirement for an ex-ante financial assessment to be carried out on participants, with those who fail required to provide a bank guarantee or perform tasks without advance payment. The document also points to a lack of flexibility under the current model-contract. For example, any significant change to budget distribution, even though it remains within the limits of the Community' financial contribution, needs prior Commission approval.

The document says that the Commission wishes to simplify procedures under the Sixth Framework programme for research (FP6) . It has proposed a 'radical shift' in the current management model, with 'more flexible rules and contracts and a substantive reduction of administrative red tape.' This will include the abolishment of ex-ante financial controls and an end to the Commission requesting bank guarantees.

In addition, the Community's financial contribution will be granted to the consortium as a whole and participants will be able to decide on its use in achieving the objectives of the project they are working on. The consortium will receive an annual advance payment of 85 per cent of the necessary budget, with the remaining 15 per cent allocated at the end of each year once documents on the implementation of activities have been accepted. Under the current Framework programme, the Commission retains 15 per cent of the whole contribution until the end of the project. Streamlined procedures will also be introduced to deal with minor changes such as adaptations of the work plan or the composition of the consortium.

The principle of 'unlimited joint and several liability,' a contractual arrangement where the partners in a consortium collectively bear the risks related to their work as a team, has also been introduced to allow more autonomy for contractors. The document states that this principle will aid the establishment of strong partnerships among researchers, which will in turn 'contribute to the stability and the successful implementation of their research project, in the interest of the partners concerned and in the interest of strengthening the European research area.'

The application of this principle is limited to the Community contribution, and will therefore never exceed the value of the financial support provided by the Community. Participants will be free to decide the distribution of the liability amongst themselves, and to take out insurance on the liability. In cases where the European Commission has no choice but to apply the principle of 'joint and several liability,' it will give the consortium the opportunity to propose a suitable solution to repair the damage, such as performing work not undertaken or undertaking additional tasks to the value to the Community financial contribution that is at stake. It is only when the consortium does not propose a satisfactory solution or refuses to take appropriate action that the Commission will invoke the 'joint and several liability' of the participants. In this case, a reimbursement will be required and in extreme cases the Commission may terminate the contract.

The principle of 'joint and several liability' will not apply for bursaries under the fellowships scheme and for SMEs under the SME specific research actions for 'collective and cooperative research.'

Text :

Remarks :

Data Source Provider : European Commission
Document Reference : Based on information provided by the European Commission - D/504434
Programme Acronym : FRAMEWORK 5C, FRAMEWORK 6C, ERA
Subject Index Codes : Legislation, Regulations, Scientific Research

Różne wiadomości


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6. World Bank suggests EU candidate countries make use of new technologies to improve economic competitiveness

Record Control Number : 18077

Date : 2002-03-05

Category : Miscellaneous

General Information :

The World Bank has released a report declaring EU's candidate countries need to acquire and use knowledge and new technologies if they are to reach the economic competitiveness levels of existing EU members when the join the Union.

The report, 'A preliminary strategy to develop a knowledge economy in European Union accession countries', was prepared for the Knowledge economy forum, organised by the World Bank in coordination with the European Commission and the Organisation for economic cooperation and development (OECD) . It involved government officials, academics, entrepreneurs and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) from 10 EU candidate countries and representatives from international organisations, and was held in Paris on 20 to 22 February.

'In addition to capital, labour and land, knowledge has become an important factor in determining economic growth in the advanced economies of the 21st century,' said Johannes Linn, the World Bank vice president for Europe and Central Asia. 'If Europe is to become the most competitive knowledge economy in the world in ten years, as stated in the 2000 European summit in Lisbon, the challenge we face is to work together as partners in making this a reality for all EU members.'

'Tapping into the knowledge economy goes beyond investing in communications and information technologies,' added Kevin Cleaver, World Bank Director and author of the report. 'It means having the capacity to use knowledge effectively by putting in place the right economic and institutional framework, giving people the skills they need to exploit these opportunities, and funding local innovation centres that guarantee the continuous flow of fresh ideas.'

The World Bank reports that the EU accession countries are well placed to take advantage of the knowledge revolution on account of their trained labour force, considerable capacity in science and technology, relatively well developed communications facilities and an increasing openness to foreign trade. On the other hand, research and development (R&D) expenditure, enrolment in tertiary education, computer availability and the presence of Internet hosts are all low in accession countries compared with their EU counterparts.

The report recommends that, in order to benefit optimally from their resources, the candidate countries need to create the necessary conditions to stimulate the effective use of knowledge. That is to say, an economic and institutional framework that promotes the efficient use of knowledge and the thriving of entrepreneurship, an educated and skilled population, a dynamic information infrastructure to facilitate the effective communication, dissemination and processing of information and a network of companies and research centres ready to tap into the growing stock of global knowledge.

The World Bank is assisting some Central and East European countries to develop and implement their national knowledge economy strategies by promoting dialogue and information sharing with countries that are at the forefront of the knowledge revolution, such as Ireland, Finland and South Korea.

Text :

Remarks :

Data Source Provider : World Bank
Document Reference : Based on information from the World Bank
Subject Index Codes : Economic Aspects, Innovation, Technology Transfer, Education,
Training, Scientific Research
Contact Person : For further information on the report, please consult the following
web address:
http://www.worldbank.org/eca/kedforum

Wydarzenia, warsztaty, konferencje


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7. Technology transfer best practices to be analysed

Record Control Number : 18070

Date : 2002-03-01

Category : Event

General Information :

The third annual conference on 'best practices of science and technology' will be held in Prague, Czech Republic on 29 to 31 May.

The event will look at technology transfer issues, both in the European and the North American context, providing comparisons. The major issues in ensuring smooth technology transfer from universities to industry will be discussed. These include licensing, the role of universities, conflicts of interest and venture capital supply. Some of these will be illustrated by case studies.

The event is expected to draw 150 technology transfer professionals, mainly from Europe.

Text :

Remarks :

Data Source Provider : ASTP
Document Reference : Based on an event announcement INF; ITT
Programme Acronym : FRAMEWORK 5C, INNOVATION-SME
Subject Index Codes : Information, Media, Innovation, Technology Transfer
Contact Person : For further information, please contact:
ASTP
Koninginnegracht 22
2514 AB The Hague
The Netherlands
Tel: +31-70-3926374
Fax: +31-70-3926375
E-mail: secretary@astp.net
http://www.astp.net


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8. Swedish conference to examine 'European higher education area for sustainability'

Record Control Number : 18076

Date : 2002-03-04

Category : Event

General Information :

Universities from throughout Europe will discuss the European research area and the potential for a 'European higher education area for sustainability' at a conference on 'The incorporation of sustainability into higher education in the perspective of the European research area' in Gothenburg, Sweden, from 12 to 14 June 2002.

Delegates at the fifth international COPERNICUS conference will discuss the implications for higher education of the EU sustainable development strategy a year after its adoption at the Gothenburg Summit of June 2001. It will reflect on ways to incorporate further sustainability into higher education, and aims to inspire further action by providing a forum for sharing achievements, finding partners and introducing proposals.

Teachers, researchers and university administrators and students are invited to attend the conference, along with participants from outside the education sector, such as the business community, governmental and non-governmental organisations.

Text :

Remarks :

Data Source Provider : COPERNICUS-CAMPUS
Document Reference : Based on information provided by COPERNICUS-CAMPUS
Programme Acronym : FRAMEWORK 6C, ERA
Subject Index Codes : Education, Training, Coordination, Cooperation, Scientific Research
Contact Person : For further information and to register, please consult the
following web address:

http://www.mls.miljo.gu.se/COPERNICUS

or contact:

COPERNICUS-CAMPUS
Brandschachtstrasse 2
44149 Dortmund
Germany
Tel: +49-231-652424
Fax: + 49-231-652465
E-mail: info@copernicus-campus.org


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9. Scientists discuss the challenges of the future

Record Control Number : 18087

Date : 2002-03-06

Category : Event

General Information :

Scientists from Europe, North America and South Africa will assemble in London on 13 and 14 May for a two day symposium on the role of science in the challenges of the future.

Session topics include the use of scientific advice in the making of public policy, the ethical and social issues arising from the science of medicine and the scope and limits of knowledge. The underlying theme of the event, organised by the International Balzan foundation, is the dialogue between science and the humanities.

Text :

Remarks :

Data Source Provider : International Balzan Foundation
Document Reference : Based on an event announcement
Programme Acronym : FRAMEWORK 6C, SCIENCE-SOCIETY C
Subject Index Codes : Scientific Research, Social Aspects
Contact Person : For further information, please contact Patrick Roberts or
Alexandra Boyd-Carpenter:
Tel: +44-20-76298771
E-mail: info@two-cultures.net

or consult the following web address:
http://www.balzan.it


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10. USE-it! to present ideas for promotion of academic entrepreneurship

Record Control Number : 18088

Date : 2002-03-06

Category : Event

General Information :

The international USE-it! conference, which aims to present new concepts for the promotion of academic entrepreneurship, will take place on 24 to 26 April in Bonn, Germany.

The event will address issues such as how to support the creation of new, innovative firms from universities and higher education institutes. It will also look at which infrastructures and programmes could help make the spin-off process more efficient and improve the sustainability of technology-based new ventures.

The event follows on from three EC-funded innovation projects

- USINE, SPINNOVA and EMBRYO

- to validate successful methodologies for the promotion of innovative start-ups. The projects, part of the European Commission's PAXIS initiative (pilot action of excellence of innovative start-ups) , have developed models, approaches and tools for the spin-off process.

The USE-it! event is being organised by the University of Bonn/EuroConsult Research & Education in collaboration with the University of Twente in the Netherlands, the Katholieke Universiteit Leuven, Belgium, and the University Miguel Hernández Elche, Spain.

Three project workshops will be held to present the results of the validation projects. Thematic workshops and lectures from invited guest speakers will expand upon the topic of academic entrepreneurship and allow for further discussion.

Text :

Remarks :
The closing date for registrations is 18-03-2002

Data Source Provider : University of Bonn/EuroConsult Research & Education
Document Reference : Based on information provided by the University of Bonn/EuroConsult
Research & Education
Programme Acronym : FRAMEWORK 5C, INNOVATION-SME
Subject Index Codes : Innovation, Technology Transfer, Coordination, Cooperation,
Evaluation, Scientific Research
Contact Person : For the conference programme and registration forms, please consult
the following web address:

http://www.usine.uni-bonn.de/use-it

For further information, please contact:

Birgit Wirsing
EuroConsult/University of Bonn
Poppelsdorfer Allee 53-55
D-53115 Bonn
Germany
Tel: +49-228-733073
Fax: +49-228-731982
E-mail: wirsing@uni-bonn.de

For further information on the three PAXIS-projects USINE, SPINNOVA
and EMBRYO please have a look at the project websites:

http://www.usine.uni-bonn.de

http://www.spinnova.org

http://www.umh.es/observatorio/embryo

Konkursy i oferty Unii Europejskiej


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11. Call for proposals for information society demonstration projects

Record Control Number : 18082

Date : 2002-03-05

Category : Tender

General Information :

An @LIS (Alliance for the information society) call for proposals has been issued by EuropeAid for the implementation of demonstration projects in the field of the information society.

Proposals should aim at launching pilot regional cooperation projects in the field of the information society, involving all IT (information technology) operators and users and explaining to the citizens in Latin America the benefits of the information society in the following four areas: local governance, education and cultural diversity, public health and social inclusion (or e-inclusion) .

The demonstration projects should be innovative and involve integrating existing modern technologies.

Each proposal should be presented by a European-Latin American consortium composed of at least eight partners coming from at least three EU Member States and one Latin American country. Applicants should be non-profit making European public or private entities established in an EU Member State. Any private or public legal entity established in an EU Member State or in one of the 18 Latin American countries can participate as a partner.

Text :

Remarks :
The deadline for submitting tender documents is 31-10-2002

Before contacting the Commission, tenderers are strongly advised to
consult the original call text in the Official Journal of the
European Communities at the reference below.

Data Source Provider : Official Journal of the European Communities
Document Reference : OJ No C 55 of 02-03-2002, p. 40
Subject Index Codes : Information Processing, Information Systems, Coordination,
Cooperation, Other Technology
Contact Person : For further information, please contact:

European Commission
EuropeAid Cooperation Office, Unit E2
J-54, 4/75
Rue de Genčve, 1
B-1049 Brussels
E-mail: EuropeAid-ALIS@cec.eu.int
http://europa.eu.int/comm/europeaid/tender/index_en.htm


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Stronę przygotował Piotr Sadłowski