Key Action 5: Cleaner Energy Systems, Including Renewable Energies
5.1. Large scale generation of electricity and/or heat with reduced CO2 emissions from coal, biomass and other fuels, including combined heat and power.
5.1.1. Cleaner fuels by substitution and treatment.
5.1.2 More efficient energy conversion processes or cycles, including combustion efficiency.
5.1.3. More energy efficient gas turbines.
5.1.4. Optimisation of CHP systems.
5.2. Development and demonstration, including for decentralised generation, of the main new and renewable energy sources, in particular, biomass, wind and solar technologies, and of fuel cells.
5.2.1. Biomass (including waste) conversion systems.
5.2.2. Wind energy optimisation.
5.2.3. Cost efficient photovoltaic.
5.2.4. Solar thermal concentrating systems.
5.2.5 Other renewable energies
5.2.6. Efficient, reliable and cost effective fuel cell systems.
5.3. Integration of new and renewable energy sources into energy systems.
5.3.1 Integrating renewable energy sources into the grid and stand alone systems.
5.3.2 Hybrid systems.
5.3.3 Improving the acceptability of renewables.
5.4. Cost effective environmental abatement technologies for power production.
5.4.1. Reduction of local and global environment degrading
Key Action 6: Economic and Efficient Energy for a Competitive Europe
6.1. Technologies for the rational and efficient end use of energy.
6.1.1. Spatial integration
6.1.2. Building sustainability.
6.1.3. Efficient space heating, cooling, ventilation, lighting systems and domestic appliances, and integration of renewables into buildings.
6.1.4. Transport combustion optimisation with cleaner hydrocarbon and alternative transport fuels.
6.1.5 Hybrid and electric drivelines, and energy storage and conversion devices.
6.1.6. Proving innovative public and private transport means.
6.1.7. Efficient cross-sectoral technologies and better managed industrial processes.
6.2. Technologies for the transmission and distribution of energy.
6.2.1. Assuring electric power flow reliability and stability and increasing power line efficiency.
6.2.2. Interconnection and load shaping.
6.2.3. More efficient and safer transport of gas.
6.2.4. Cost effective heating and cooling distribution.
6.3. Technologies for the storage of energy on both macro and micro scale.
6.3.1. Optimising power quality, by means of energy storage, for stand-alone renewable and hybrid systems and for transport.
6.3.2. Stability related electrical energy storage.
6.3.3. Intermittent storage of energy, including heat and cold storage.
6.3.4. Safer, lighter and more energy-efficient gas storage.
6.3.5. Reliable high capacity microstorage.
6.4. More efficient exploration, extraction and production technologies for hydrocarbons.
6.4.1. Cost effective and more efficient exploration and production of hydrocarbons.
6.4.2. Deepwaters, marginal fields and new frontiers, including the Arctic.
6.4.3. Reduced environmental impact and improved safety in exploration and production.
6.5. Improving the efficiency of new and renewable energy sources.
6.5.1. Cost effective wind turbine components.
6.5.2. Cost effective components for photovoltaic module systems and solar thermal concentrating systems.
6.5.3. Cost effective components for biomass and waste.
6.5.4. Other renewable energy sources.
6.6. The elaboration of scenarios on supply and demand technologies in economy/environment/energy (E3) systems and their interactions, and the analysis of the cost effectiveness (based on whole life costs) and efficiency of all energy sources.
6.6.1. Technological change anticipation.
6.6.2. Prospective and policy impact analysis.
6.6.3. Market changes and technology absorption.